Management by objectives (MBO):
Management by objectives (MBO): Quản lý theo mục tiêu:
– Tập trung vào mục tiêu
– Dựa trên lượng tài nguyên có sẵn
– Để nhân viên hiểu rõ mục tiêu mà tổ chức, cá nhân họ cần đạt được
– Đánh giá nhân viên, tổ chức
– Các bước thực hiện
– Đặt mục tiêu
– Lập kế hoạch hành động
– Theo dõi
– Đánh giá hiệu quả
Management by objectives (MBO) is a process of defining objectives within an organization so that management and employees agree to the objectives and understand what they need to do in the organization in order to achieve them.
The term “management by objectives” was first popularized by Peter Drucker in his 1954 book ‘The Practice of Management’.
The essence of MBO is participative goal setting, choosing course of actions and decision making. An important part of the MBO is the measurement and the comparison of the employee’s actual performance with the standards set. Ideally, when employees themselves have been involved with the goal setting and choosing the course of action to be followed by them, they are more likely to fulfill their responsibilities.
According to George S. Odiorne, the system of management by objectives can be described as a process whereby the superior and subordinate jointly identify its common goals, define each individual’s major areas of responsibility in terms of the results expected of him, and use these measures as guides for operating the unit and assessing the contribution of each of its members.